Damelang, Andreas

Kurzprofil

Dr. Andreas Damelang

  • Organisation: Lehrstuhl für Soziologie und Empirische Sozialforschung
  • Telefonnummer: +49 911 5302-676
  • E-Mail: andreas.damelang@fau.de
  • Akademischer Rat
  • Principal Investigator
  • Studienberater
    Bachelor Sozialökonomik

Ich bin seit 2013 Akademischer Rat am Lehrstuhl für Soziologie und Empirische Sozialforschung. Meine Forschungsinteressen sind berufliche Arbeitsmärkte, ethnische Ungleichheit auf dem Arbeitsmarkt sowie quantitativ-empirische, insbesondere kausal-analytische Forschungsmethoden. Aktuell beschäftige ich mich mit der Arbeitsmarktintegration von Bildungsausländern. Hierzu befrage ich u.a. Führungskräfte mit Personalverantwortung mit Hilfe eines experimentellen Untersuchungsdesigns. Meine Forschungsarbeiten sind u.a. erschienen in Acta Sociologica, European Societies und Zeitschrift für Soziologie.

Meine Lehrtätigkeiten umfassen die grundständige Ausbildung in der empirischen Sozialforschung sowie die postgraduale Ausbildung in ausgewählten Methoden der Sozialforschung. Erstere besteht aus einem zwei-semestrigen Lehrprogramm, in welchem die Studierenden die Grundlagen der Datenerhebung und der Datenanalyse einschließlich des Umgangs mit dafür geeigneter Softwareprodukte (Unipark, Stata) vermittelt bekommen. Die Vorlesung wird von einem Lehrforschungsprojekt begleitet, in welchem die Studierenden selbständig eine empirische Untersuchung durchführen und die gewonnenen Daten mittels quantitativ-empirischer Methoden analysieren. In den ausgewählten Methoden werden fortgeschrittene Verfahren zur Aufdeckung kausal-analytischer Zusammenhänge diskutiert und praktisch mit dem Statistikprogramm Stata eingeübt.

Sie können mich außerdem bezüglich meiner Funktion als Studienfachberater für den BA-Studiengang Sozialökonomik kontaktieren.

Meinen ausführlichen CV können Sie hier herunterladen.

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2005

The Regulation of Occupations and its Effects on Labor Market Outcomes

Project start: Jan 2018
End of Project: Dez 2019

Funding: DFG Grant Number AB 111/11-1 and DA 1654/2-1

Summary

In recent years, research about the influence of occupations on labor market processes and inequality has recovered rapidly in importance. Studies on occupational closure have revealed that occupations have different modes of regulations which impact the wage structure in the labor market. This literature, however, is limited to occupational closure processes; additionally, empirical indicators which operationalize the regulation of occupations more accurately are needed.

Against this background, this project aims to investigate on the basis of new empirical indicators the effect of different levels of occupational regulation on closure as well as on general matching and mobility processes in the labor market. Specifically, we investigate the following research questions: First, does the regulation of occupations facilitate the matching process? And, secondly, do regulatory mechanisms restrict occupational mobility on the labor market, and if so, how and to what extent? Finally, what are the consequences of occupational regulation on individual labor market outcomes?

For the empirical implementation we plan to use the IAB Job Vacancy Survey (EGS). The EGS is the only survey in Germany which provides representative and statistically valid data on matching processes. Secondly, we intend to use the Sample of Integrated Labor Market Biographies (SIAB). The SIAB is a two percent sample of all persons whose employment is subject to social security in Germany. Its large number of cases enables us to conduct meaningful analyses at the occupational level. Both data sets are especially suitable to answer the outlined research questions, but lack information on occupational regulation. Therefore, we supplement these data sets by indicators that measure the level of occupational regulation. We base our analyses on indicators describing the institutional features of occupations. To check their suitability with regard to our research questions we also want to integrate alternative measurements of occupational regulation.

As a result, we expect to produce high-level publications contributing to the knowledge about occupational regulation on the one hand and labor market outcomes on the other. Secondly, we intend to provide insights into the operationalization of occupational regulations and its suitability for empirical labour market and inequality research. Third, the results will be valuable for labour market policy with regard to different modes of institutional arrangements of occupations.

Principal Investigators

Prof. Dr. Martin Abraham (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Dr. Andreas Damelang (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Associated Junior Researchers

Kevin Ruf (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

The Labour Market Integration of Skilled Migrants in International Comparison

Project start: October 2017
End of Project: September 2020

Funding: DFG Grant Number AB 111/9-2 and DA 1654/1-2
                 Part of DFG – SPP 1764: The German Labor Market in a Globalized World
                (second funding period)

Summary

Our proposed research project focuses on migrants’ hiring chances and consequences for their labour market success across countries with different labour market settings. We argue that labour market features in the host country shape employers’ hiring decisions and thus influence migrants’ chances for economic integration. Our objective is to answer the following research questions: a) Do migrants’ hiring chances upon arrival vary across different labour market settings? and b) Will firms allow for upward mobility of migrants in these settings?

Our research approach is to directly compare the likelihood that firms will hire migrants in different countries. Through this comparison, we can test whether employers reward individual endowments differently depending on national labour market features, such as the type of school-to-work linkages and vocational training systems as well as the degree of employment regulation. Because these features influence employers’ hiring behaviour, we expect that migrants with comparable characteristics will have different opportunities in different countries.

Our empirical strategy is twofold: First, we will employ an experimental factorial survey design to simulate a hiring process and study firms’ evaluation of foreign-trained migrants. With this method we can vary experimentally the foreign education and training along with other individual traits of the applicants. By carrying out harmonized experimental surveys in six different countries we will be able to compare the effects of these individual traits in different institutional settings. Second, to provide a more comprehensive picture of migrants’ economic incorporation across national labour markets, we will analyse available large-scale survey data. We intend to use data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). With data from this worldwide survey we can analyse and compare migrants’ labour market adjustment rate and realized occupational status in different countries, net of individual skills.

Our research will contribute to the literature on the labour market integration of migrants in several ways: First, we gain a better understanding of the role of firms and second, we shed light on the role of labour market institutions. The results will provide valuable insights and recommendations for policy makers how national institutional arrangements can be shaped to enhance the labour market integration of migrants.

Principal Investigators

Prof. Dr. Martin Abraham (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Dr. Andreas Damelang (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Associated Junior Researchers

Sabine Ebensperger (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Felix Stumpf (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Foreign occupational credentials on the German Labour Market

Project start: October 2014
End of Project: September 2017

Funding: DFG Grant Number AB 111/9-1 and DA 1654/1-1
                 Part of DFG – SPP 1764: The German Labor Market in a Globalized World

Summary

In today’s globalised world, Germany is an economically successful country and an attractive destination for migrants. Previous research has shown that foreigners fare less well on the German labour market than natives. Much attention has been paid to lower individual endowments of migrants as well as discrimination by employers. However, these results relate to past migration flows into Germany which mainly consisted of unskilled migrants. In a globalised world, skilled migration between EU -countries and non- EU -countries has been growing both in numbers and in its importance, for example, to meet labour shortages. A major problem which skilled migrants face is the transferability of foreign human capital. Besides language barriers foreign certificates play a major role in determining their economic integration. The problem of transferability is tightened by aspects of Germany’s distinct occupational system. While foreign school systems are more or less transparent and assessable, the vocational training systems differ greatly from country to country and are, hence, hardly comparable.

If we focus on unregulated occupations, the question arises how firms in Germany deal with foreign occupational certificates. This is relevant as employers are the central gatekeeper when migrants try to find employment that matches their training. There is a number of arguments why employers could consider foreign occupational certificates as not equivalent to their German counterparts. From a signalling point of view, in situations with incomplete information employers will use readily available and easily understandable information on an applicant’s productivity. Occupational certificates serve as such signals, given that certificates are familiar and trustworthy. If employers are not familiar with foreign vocational training systems, their information value is much lower. In this case, productivity of foreign applicants is more difficult to assess; consequently their applications are more likely disregarded. In a more general approach, one could also suggest that employers recognise the level of foreign occupation-specific human capital as low. As a result, productivity of foreign applicants might be assessed as lower and their applications would be screened out.

Yet, little is known about the role of employers as central gatekeepers for the labour market integration of migrants as most of the empirical literature focuses on foreign workers. There is a considerable lack of research on the question how firms and employers deal with foreign occupational credentials. We SEEK to close this gap by proposing a project which is based on an experimental instrument, the so-called factorial survey. Employers will be interviewed with this instrument in order to measure under which conditions a foreign occupational credential is taken into consideration within the application process. The basic idea is to present hypothetical applicants to executive managers and enquire the chances that the presented applicants will be invited for a job interview. In our study the information on the applicant will be experimentally (that is randomly) varied by the use of a factorial survey design.

To understand the role of occupational certificates we focus on comparable foreign applicants with and without foreign occupational credentials. The questions are: How do firms deal with foreign credentials and which role do they play in hiring decisions? Answering these questions will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of labour market integration of skilled migrants, which also proves relevant in the context of handling labour shortages.

Principal Investigators

Prof. Dr. Martin Abraham (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Dr. Andreas Damelang (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Associated Junior Researchers

Sabine Ebensperger (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Felix Stumpf (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Empirische Sozialforschung I
  • Empirische Sozialforschung II (inkl. Stata-Blockkurs)
  • Angewandte Methoden: Ausgewählte Methoden der Sozialforschung